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How to Grow Hyacinth
After tulips and daffodils, Hyacinth are one of the most popular spring flowering bulbs. A member of the Lily family, they are bright, and very fragrant. Hyacinth originated in Turkey. In the 1500's, traders brought them back to Europe. Later, they were introduced into the United States.
Hyacinths are loved for their beauty and fragrance. The most common colors are purple, blue, white, pink, and yellow.
Hyacinth are popular as a forced bloom. They are very attractive in a flowerpot singly, in groups, or with other bulbs. Forcing bulbs to bloom is fun and easy to do. See Forcing Bulbs.
Hyacinths are grown from bulbs. Selecting quality bulbs is important. Use a little caution when buying them. Examine them to be sure they are not drying out. This is common in late season in store bought bulbs that have been sitting on the shelf all season. It's usually not a problem with online or mail order bulbs that are stored in ideal conditions. In general, the bigger the bulb, the bigger the flowers.
To avoid over-crowding, dig up bulbs every few of years. Separate and replant them.
How to Grow Hyacinth:
Hyacinth bulbs are planted in the fall. Plant bulbs a few weeks before the ground freezes. This gives the bulb time to establish a root system. Plant Hyacinth 6-8 inches deep. Space plants six inches apart. They can be planted singly, in rows, or in groups. For full development, do not overcrowd them.
For the biggest plants and blooms, place a little bulb fertilizer in the hole during planting. For established beds, spread the fertilizer on top of the soil, working it in lightly . Take care to avoid disturbing roots, or damaging the bulbs.
Hyacinths will grow well in shade to full sun, but do best in bright sunlight. We recommend staking the flower stems to avoid them bending or breaking in strong spring breezes.
After blooming, it's important to allow the plants to grow until the leaves die off. The leaves send energy to the bulbs for next years' blooms. To remove the dead plant, either snip them off at the base, or twist the leaves while pulling lightly.
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