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How to Grow Mustard Greens

People have been using mustard as greens, and to spice up their food for thousands of years. Its known as the "King of the Condiments".

Home gardeners love this easy, fast growing, cool weather crop. The leaves are great raw, in salads, or as a cooked greens. They are nutritious, and healthy for you and your family. Mustard seeds are harvested to make the condiment that you use on hotdogs, sandwiches, and more. 

Did you know? There is a National Mustard Day.

Mustard and Your Health:

Mustard leaves are good for your health. Its low in calories and carbs, yet high in vitamins. It is high in Vitamin A and C, contains calcium and iron. It has cancer fighting beta carotene, anitoxidents.

Sowing Mustard Seeds:

Sow mustard seeds outdoors directly into the garden. Sow seeds 1/4 to 1/3 inch deep, and 3" apart. Thin seedlings to 5" - 9" apart. Separate the rows, 1 foot apart.

Sow seeds early in the spring and a second crop in the early fall. They prefer cool weather, so leave the middle of the summer for the heat loving vegetables.

Maturity: Fast growing mustard leaves can be harvested in as little as 45-50 days

How to Grow Mustard:

Growing mustard plants is easy. They grow well in most good garden soils. They prefer full sun and cool weather. Planting successive small crops, separated about a week apart, results in a continuous supply of greens.

Mustard plants should be grown quickly. Use plenty of water, and ample amounts of fertilizer, to promote fast growth of tender, green leaves. Water plants during dry periods.

Keep the plants well weeded, so weeds do not compete for water and nutrients. It makes harvesting easier, too.


Mustard greens are eaten raw, or cooked. Harvest leaves while young and tender. Pick individual leave, or the entire plant. Leaves get tough and have a strong flavor during hot, dry weather.

Mustard seeds should be harvested  when the plants begin to yellow. You want to leave them on the plants as long as possible, but before the pods burst open and spill their seeds.

Make your own mustard - its very easy.

Insects and Pests:

Aphids and cabbage worms are common problems.

We recommend organic pesticides for use on Mustard plants and other greens.


Mildews can affect the plant. Promote fast growing, healthy plants, so they will be less susceptible to disease. Allow proper spacing to increase air circulation. Avoid watering towards evening.

 Plants grow best in cool weather.

More Information:

More on Growing Mustard

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