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How to Grow Arugula Plant

Arugula plants produce robust, peppery tasting leaves, that adds zest to summer salads. This cool weather salad green, is a member of the mustard family and is grown like mustard or lettuce. Arugula is native to Asia and the Mediterranean regions.

Arugula, often called "Roquette", is a good addition to soups, pastas and pestos.


Other Names: Arugula, is also known as Roquette, Rocket, Garden Rocket, Rucola, Rugola, and Rocket Salad.

Sowing Arugula Seeds:

Arugula  is grown from seed. Directly sow seeds your vegetable garden early in the season. Cover seeds lightly with 1/8" or less of fine garden or seed starting soil. Seeds will sprout in 3-10 days. Seeds sprout in cool soil at 40 to 55 degrees.

After seedlings have sprouted, thin to two inches apart, in rows 12" - 18" apart.

Succession planting will result in continuous greens. Sow small rows of seeds every two weeks.

Days to Maturity: 40 days

How to Grow Arugula Greens:

Arugula plants are easy to grow. Grow in full sun to partial shade.

Ideal Soil pH: 6.0 - 6.8

For best results, grow Arugula quickly during cool weather, in moist, fertile soil. It gets the name "Rocket" for its speedy growth under these conditions.

Avoid growing in mid summer's heat and humidity.

The soil should be rich, and drain well. Mix compost into the soil, prior to planting. Add fertilizer when planting.

Weed around plants frequently.

Plants thrive in cool wether. Plant crops for spring and fall. For a continuous harvest during this period, plant succession crops.

Arugula plants withstand light frosts.

Also See:

Plant Problems

Soil Temperatures - Ideal germination temperature by vegetable

Ideal Soil pH - by vegetable


Arugula  is ready to harvest in 40 days. For maximum taste, pick when leaves are 6" in height.

Eat fresh or cooked like spinach. Arugula will go well in just about any recipe that calls for spinach, or even Swiss Chard recipes.

Tip: Also try Arugula sprouts.

Insect and Disease:

 Insect and disease problems are uncommon with this plant. Avoid insecticides and pesticides on this leafy green.

Garden Recipes:

Arugula with Nutmeg

Garden Recipes - Find garden recipes galore!

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