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How to Grow and Care for African Violets

african, violet, violets, house, plant

Looking for an easy to grow houseplant? You'll find popular African Violets, are a great choice. They are one of the most popular plants to grow indoors. African Violets are long lasting, and can live for many years. Their long lasting flowers, are occasionally difficult to coax into bloom. Blooms last several weeks.

Propagating African Violets:

African violets can be propagated by rooting leaf cuttings.

  1. Fill a small pot or container with soft, rich seed starting soil.

  2. Add water. The soil should be moist, but not soggy.

  3. Cut a mature leaf from the parent plant.

  4. Cut off the top half of the leaf. This will help to encourage a focus on root growth

  5. Make a fresh cut of the leaf stem at a 45 degree angle.

  6. Push the stem into the moist soil in the pot. Keep the soil moist.

  7. Put the to with the leaf into a baggie to help retain moisture.

  8. Place the pot in a warm, bright room, but out of direct sunlight.

  9. After about 12 weeks small plantlets will emerge from the soil.

  10. When the plantlets reach a manageable size, they can be separated and planted in their own container.

How to Grow African Violet Plants

African Violet plants thrive best in full sunlight. This can be problematic when growing them indoors as a houseplant. Place them in a sunny window, but avoid hot rays coming in during summer months. Also, avoid placing them near frosty windows in winter months. Provide artificial lighting, if little sunshine is available.

African Violet plants need a loose, rich, well draining soil. Garden stores carry a soil mix, specifically formulated of African Violets. These fertilizers are higher in Phosphorous, to help promote blooming.

Water the soil thoroughly and allow the soil to dry between watering. Use a planter with openings at the bottom, for good drainage. It is important to avoid getting water on the leaves, as it can cause spotting on the leaves. Allow water to come to room temperature, before watering the plant.

Fertilize the plants with specially formulated African Violet fertilizer. Follow directions on the box for frequency of use.

To promote blooming, make sure to provide as much full sunlight as possible. Fertilize with a high phosphorous fertilizer.

Tip: If you are having problems  getting the palnt to bloom, check the fertilizer you are using. Avoid high Nitrogen formulas.

The ideal air temperature for African Violets is 75 degrees during the day, and 60- 70 degrees nights.

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