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How to Grow Hostas Plants
Most plants adorning your yard and flower gardens are sun worshippers. The selection of sun loving flowers and plants is seemingly endless. When it comes to the choosing plants to spruce up those shady areas of your yard, the selection becomes a bit more limited. Enter the world of Hostas!
With hundreds of varieties to choose from, this low maintenance plant is extremely popular among homeowners seeking the perfect plants for shady areas of their yard. While they are grown for their attractive foliage, Hostas also produce flowers.
Hostas originated in Japan, China, Korea and other areas of Southeast Asia. These perennial plants are members of the Lily family. They are also known as "Plantain Lily".
How to Grow Hosta:
Hosta plants are propagated by seed, and by division of their roots. Grow Hostas in partial shade. They grow best in cooler climates. Hostas prefer loose, well drained soil. Add plenty of compost when planting. Plant Hostas up to the tops of the crowns, spaced two to four feet apart. Keep new plants well watered to help them establish new roots.
Established Hosta plants grow well with little care. Apply a general purpose fertilizer once a month during the season. Mulch around plants for an attractive appearance, and to retain soil moisture. Keep the soil moist, not wet.
Hostas bloom in midsummer. A long stem, called a "scape", develops with a flower at the top. After blooming, the stem and spent bloom can be removed. Or, you can leave it on to fully dry and harvest the seed pods.
After frost has killed off the leaves, remove the dead leaves to the ground. In colder areas, add a layer of mulch to keep the roots from being damaged from the ground freezing.
Plant division of established plants is the most common method of propagation. Use a shovel or pitchfork and dig deeply to pull up as many roots as possible. Each plant will have a separate crown and many entangled roots. Loosen the soil, or wash soil off the crown and roots. Carefully divide crowns. You can also divide an individual crown by cutting it with a sharp knife from the top to the bottom of the crown. Try not to cut the roots. Once the crown is cut, separate the roots as best you can. The more roots that remain, the less the transplant shock.
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